Ripon's Booth War: Aftermath of the Fugitive Slave Act in Wisconsin




J. R. Sharpstein, Editor

Thursday, August 2, 1860 [12:250]

     The atmosphere of Milwaukee was purified yesterday. The "Martyr to the glorious cause of freedom " has escaped. He has left his prison house without pardon from the Executive, without paying his fine, and without even saying "good bye" to Marshal Lewis, who for the past five months has been his custodian and protector. What base ingratitude and shameful forgetfulness of past favors!
     About eleven o'clock yesterday forenoon, "Brudder Booth," was seen to issue from the Custom House, hanging upon the arm of his brother-in-law, T. J. Salsman, and carrying a boquet [sic] about the size of a half bushel measure, and occasionally showing the butt end of a six shooter, which he facetiously termed "the Habeas Corpus." His appearance on the street was the signal for a rush on the part of several small boys and a few Shanghais , who followed him up Spring street to the residence of his brother-in-law on Second street. Shortly after arriving here, he was taken from the back part of the house, put into a carriage and driven rapidly out of the city.
     The modus operandi of his release was as follows: Whole the officers were at dinner, with the exception of one of the guard, (Burke) two men presented themselves at the door of the room, and tendered a card bearing the name of the Marshal, and grunting admittance for Messrs. Smith and Jones to the room of Booth. The appearance of the card was suspicious in Burke's estimation, and he took occasion to very closely inspect it, when he was seized by these individuals, who were none other than a man named La Grange, who has lately made himself very conspicuous in this vicinity, and the notorious Professor Daniels of geologic freedom shrieking notoriety. Daniels immediately presented a pistol at the breast of the guard, and threatened to "blow him through if he opened his mouth," when five or six more came up, threw open the door of Booth's room, by means of a key they had in some way secured, and taking the prisoner therefrom, they unceremoniously substituted Burke in his place and again closed the premises as they found them.
     Booth was out, but Burke was in. The latter shouted, halloed and finally crawled out through the window around on the stone work and succeeded in alarming the officers. Marshal Lewis was not aware of the escape of his prisoner until he was snugly ensconced in the house of Salsman, and when informed of the fact, was incredulous and insisted that "the crowd had seen some other man whom they mistook for Booth." But the prevalence of the rumor and the large number of individuals who saw the "martyr," at last forced conviction on his unwilling mind. He forthwith repaired to the residence of Salsman, leaned against the fence adjacent thereto and deliberated. A crowd gathered about the house, all anxious to see what measures the Marshal would take. One half hour passed and he was yet undecided. In the meantime Booth had taken a carriage and was fast going …[missing text].

     ACCOUNTED FOR.--Shanghai Chandler of the Adams County Independent, is in town. Booth's escape from custody is therefore easily accounted for.

[Editorial, page 2]
Escape of S. M. Booth.

     Yesterday, about noon, some friends of S. M. Booth, under the lead of Prof. Daniels, effected his liberation from confinement in the U. S. Custom House. We got a glimpse of the martyr as he passed over Spring street bridge, attended by an escort of fifteen or twenty republicans who exhibited a good deal of enthusiasm. When we saw Booth, he was not running, but walked pretty fast for one who has been so long out of practice. The trick, which his rescuers played off upon the guard, was undoubtedly a very scurvy one and far beneath the professions of those who resorted to it. They seized upon a most favorable time for the execution of the plotwhich was evidently pre-concerted and deeply laid. It is well known to our readers that the officers in charge of the Custom House, Post Office, &c., have their hands full now in organizing a Breckinridge party in this State to divide and distract the democratic party for the benefit of the black republicans, who, it might well be supposed, would reciprocate these kind offices so far as to let Booth alone. But our U. S. officials, we suspect, have learned by this time that they have been dealing with treacherous allies. Booth, it is said, has left town and gone to parts unknown. This must prove somewhat mortifying to those who have held him in custody at such an enormous expense to the government. They will be able, however, to devote more time to the interests of Breckinridge and Lane. There are several office holders in this State, who have to be watched more closely than Booth was.
     No right thinking citizen, however, will approve of the method by which Booth was liberated.


Sunday, August 5, 1860

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Sat.'s Letter to Jehu

HORICON, Aug. 3d, 1860

Jehu H. Lewis, Esq.
     My Dear Friend:--I regret very much that I was unable to comply with the request in your despatch [sic] of the 1st inst., "to arrest S. M. Booth, an escaped convict, who was rescued from your custody by an armed force."
     I conceive it my duty to myself, as a "law abiding" citizen to set myself right in your estimation, and through you to the "reverend" "Old Buck," whose colors you wear.
     Upon the receipt of your dispatch, I armed myself with one of John Brown's lances , and rode through the streets shouting at the top of my voice, "Freemen to the rescue!" I was immediately surrounded by an armed force of 1,000, more or less, (as republicans estimate the numbers attending their ratification meetings,) who eagerly inquired what was wanted. I explained in as few words as possible that Booth had been rescued from the Hon. Jehu H. Lewis, U. S. Marshal, and that I had been notified that he was on the cars, to arrive in about half an hour. The inquiry was then made whether you did not hold office under the present Federal Administration; and upon being told that you did, they set up such a shout of derision as would not have been gratifying to your vanity to have heard, and declared that old Buck and his minions might catch their own rogues for all of them; and that if the officers appointed by Old Buck were too imbecile to discharge their duty, he ought to discharge them and appoint Democrats in their stead; or, if they must have assistance, they should apply to their allies, the black republicans. I tried to persuade them that you was as efficient and honest as any man supporting this Administration, and, while they did not dispute that proposition, they declared that though Old Buck, at the date of your appointment, pretended to be a democrat, he nevertheless appointed you against the known wishes of every respectable democrat in the State; that your nomination was confirmed by the Senate through the influence of republicans, for the sole purpose of rendering the democratic party ridiculous. And one man said that he heard a prominent republican (who was a delegate to the Chicago Convention, and now a prominent railroad man,) say that he had written to Doolittle and Durkee to do all in their power to effect your confirmation, as nothing, he said, could possibly render the party more odious.
     It was also charged that you had at the last State Convention (pretending to be a Democrat) placed all the patronage of your office at the disposal of one Hobart to enable him to get to Charleston as a delegate to oppose the wish of the entire Democracy of the State; he also pretending to be a Democrat.
     While I could not deny these allegations, I nevertheless tried my best to pacify them, and induce them to assist me not only to arrest Booth but his body guard led by one LaGrange. I told them not to be afraid, hoping to arouse them by appealing to their courage, but it was no go. They declared that if Old Buck had remained in the Democratic party, or had been true to the Constitution and laws of the United States himself, they would do everything in their power to assist his officers; or if the gallant Douglas was President, (and required it,) they would take Booth back to Milwaukee on one of Lincoln's rails.
     The crowd then gave three cheers for Douglas, three more for Charley Larrabee and dispersed. When [sic] I sneaked off to find H. E. C., the only Breckinridge [Southern Democratic candidate for President] man in this part of the State, who I thought would sympathize with me; but I found that as soon as he heard that Booth was rescued, he left for Kekoskee.
     I really believe, notwithstanding the above, that the Democrats of this place are as brave and loyal as any community that ever lived, but they are unwilling to give the public the least cause to suspect that under any circumstances they could be induced to form an alliance with those persons who are supporting Breckenridge [sic], whose only aim is the destruction of the Democratic party and the dissolution of the Union.
     Hoping to retain your confidence and esteem I remain as ever, Very respectfully

Your admirer,

P. S.--Please write to Old Buck and inform him of the extraordinary services I tried to render.

[Editorial, page 2]
The Charm is Broken
     The forcible (?) rescue of Booth by the republicans has, temporarily at least, interrupted the billing and cooing between the Lincoln and Breckinridge parties. Nothing short of a return of Booth to the Bastile, it is said, will restore the [?] relations which existed between them before he escaped. No one need be surprised, therefore, to learn almost any day of Booth being betrayed by his republican brethren into the hands of the implacable Jehu. On no other basis can a compromise be effected.


Tuesday Morning, August 7, 1860

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     The thermometer yesterday stood at 102 degrees in the shade.

     ATTEMPT TO RE-CAPTURE BOOTH.--A correspondent residing in Ripon, gives us the particulars of the attempt to rescue Booth, about which there is much inquiry among our citizens.

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Attempt to Re-Capture Booth

Ripon, August 9 [6], 1860

     To the Editor of the News:
     The proverb that birds of a feather flock together was verified last evening at the Booth Meeting in Ripon. It was as natural for Booth to flee to Ripon (Ceresco) after his escape from prison, as for the frightened gopher to seek its hole. The Times immediately issued its cards and circulars for the "faithful" to assemble, hear and protect the martyr to freedom. The Lincoln Light Guard, or Wide Awakes, as they are styled, composed of boys varying from the age of 10 to 50 years, under the distinguished commander Gen. C---- were marshaled out, armed and drilled for the occasion, fearing a tumult and uproar among the people when the martyr should pronounce for freedom. The hall was early filled at the appointed hour by free men, women, boys and school misses, with a few colored folks to listen to the great expounder of the higher law doctrines. As a matter of course there would be Rev. gents present with their households, to give countenance and sympathy to the great moral reformer and law expounder. It is said more than one half of the audience were strong minded women and girls, who exhibited a large breadth of hoops; how many were candidates for "examination" to go on exhibition as model artists, it is difficult for one uninitiated to say.
     At any rate there was some curiosity to see and hear the Notorious, "irresistible" hairy man tell his experience.
     Some things they probably did hear, called by their right names, that ought to have shocked their sensibilities if they had any.--They probably came away somewhat wiser than they went if no better.
     While Booth was speaking for freedom, which he so ardently covets and insists upon, Marshall McCarthy [sic] walked up to the stand to arrest the prisoner, when the Marshal was surrounded by a crowd of armed men, clinched and hustled out into the street, when he made his escape. The house was in an uproar, with cries of shoot him, kill him, &c, accompanied with impious oaths. There was no little consternation and screaming among the women. A general melee or fight was anticipated about this time. Daniels and LaGrange were by the side of Booth, armed with revolvers and knives, and threatened to shoot, stab and mortally kill somebody, if they didn't keep out of their way and let them do as they please, and let the prisoner go free.
     Booth's nerves being somewhat unstrung, having his pockets full of bloody weapons, Daniels got on the stand and screeched for freedom and tried to compose the feelings of the dear freedom-loving audience.
     The Lincoln Light Guard men now mustered with glistening weapons, and waiting orders from Major General C., commanding, to fire upon and stab the enemy if they didn't keep quiet. During the drill it is supposed Booth was let down through some hole or window, or escaped through some back or trap door.
     Daniel's [sic] head quarters it is said, is still in the old "Free Love Ceresco" near Ripon, where it is believed that Booth is secreted, cared for, and protected by Major General C., Commander of the Light and Night Guards.
     I have been studying to find out something about this Higher Law doctrine promulgated by Booth, Daniels and others, and which is endorsed here by some styled Reverend, together with most of the strong minded women, and it amounts in plain English to just this--"Free men, Free Love and Free women, and do pretty much as we d--d please, and none of your business."
     Ripon is a very pretty and flourishing village of 2,500, with college, churches and schoolhouses and would be a desirable place for residence but for the toleration, teaching, and practice of this abominable Higher Law or Free Love doctrine in this region.

Yours, &c.,

P. S.--Yesterday (Sunday) at three o'clock, Booth spoke in the Grove, to a large crowd his followers, who came in from the country around. This is the "Oberlin" of Wisconsin, and stronghold of abolitionism. Booth and Daniels are safe here, and dare the Marshal to attempt to arrest them. The Irrepressible Conflict has commenced in Wisconsin. Where will it end?

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WAUKESHA, August 6, 1860

     Mr. Editor: The news reached here this morning that Marshal Lewis has been committed to your county jail for knocking down Booth's brother-in-law, Salsman, which is probably the best act of his whole life. As soon as it was announced, we, the Breckinridge men, held a meeting and decided to go to your city en masse and tear down the jail and escort him with "boquets and pistols" to the Custom House, where Old Buck can protect him, and, if at any future day the State wish to exchange prisoners with Old Buck, let A. Heck & Co., make it manifest or "forever after hold their peace."

Yours for freedom,

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     THE ASSAULT AND BATTERY CASE.--The fracas between J. H. Lewis, U. S. Marshal, and T. J. Salsman, of which we made mention in Sunday's paper culminated yesterday in the Police Court by the appearance of the Marshal before Judge Mallory to answer the charge of assault and battery. The consul for the State were, D. Corson, Esq., District Attorney, assisted by J. V. V. Platto, and the counsel for Mr. Lewis is Mat. H. Carpenter, Esq.
     Mr. Carpenter on the part of the defence [sic] moved to quash the proceedings on the ground of informality in the drawing up of the complaint, which motion he stated at the outset he presumed would be overruled, but his object in making it was to bring before the notice of the Court several points which he desired upon trial to argue. The motion was overruled.
     The prosecution applied for an adjournment of the trial as it was deemed injudicious to bring the prosecuting witness into Court, on account of his injuries. Dr. Lake, one of the physicians in attendance upon Salsman testified that in his opinion it would be dangerous to the health of the patient to bring him out under a week; that he was very seriously injured from the effects of the blow which had made an abrasion of the scalp about the size of a quarter of a dollar, and the part surrounding it was considerably bruised. The wound was located just back of the left ear. No depression of the skull was perceptible and it was presumed that the skull had not been fractured. The patient was delirious for an hour or two after being struck, but since that time had been sane. He thought he might safely be brought into Court in one week.
     The case was finally adjourned until next Saturday at 9 o'clock, and a jury was drawn, the members of which were notified to be present at that time.

[page 2 editorial]
Mr. Hegg [sic] and S. M. Booth.
     The prison commissioner, Mr. Hegg, in communication published in the Sentinel, denies that he admitted Mr. Booth within the prison walls for the purpose of sheltering and protecting him from arrest. He admits, however, that Booth was there partaking of his hospitalities, and that officer Garlick was there after him, but for some cause which Mr. Hegg does not explain, found it inconvenient to re-arrest him. Now the whole thing is too transparent to need any elucidation, and after it is shown that Mr. Hegg has been harboring a fugitive from justice, he becomes disqualified from testifying as a witness in his own behalf. When the parent swore that he would not whip his son if he would come down from his safe retreat, hopeful replied "that a man who would swear would lie," and therefore he would not trust him. We place no reliance in the statement of a prison commissioner, who by his own confession has been guilty of receiving Booth within the walls of the State prison, and guarding him so well that the officer who was in pursuit of him dare not attempt to re-arrest him.

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Their Normal Condition.
     We were informed by one of the Doctors who examined the injuries received by Mr. Salsman Saturday evening, that "he was taken home in a senseless condition." From this we were unable to form any definite idea of the extent of his injuries as we have never heard of him or his assailant being in any other condition. If senselessness was the only symptom discovered in Salsman's case we think that an examination of the other party would have showed that they were both in the same condition, as neither of them was ever suspected of having a single grain of sense.

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Served Him Right
     So far as we have been able to learn, the prevailing opinion here is, that Salsman, who repeatedly took particular pains to tantalize and insult Jehu Lewis during the day, got no more than he deserved from that functionary Saturday evening. It is due, however, to truth, that we should state also, that the Marshal may gain more credit by making an effort to recapture his prisoner, who publicly defies him to make the attempt, than he can by striking such insignificant critters as Salsman, with his loaded cane.


Wednesday, August 3, 1860

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     A communication in the Free Democrat signed D. H. Pulcifer, or, as he is termed here, Lucifer, quite overrates the excitement in this quiet little town, and the reputation of the place needs a defence [sic] from the unjust charge made against its citizens of sympathy for the martyr Booth.
     As is usual when the train passes this place, a goodly number of our citizens were at the depot, which was increased by the number of sight seers who are always on hand to recognize a notorious man, be he a saint or sinner; further than that there was no demonstration, ratification, or excitement of any kind, except by said Pulcifer himself, assisted by his friend Mr. Woodruff. We all know Mr. J. H. Foote too well to think for a moment that he would for a moment lend any aid or sympathy except to have a little fun at the expense of Booth's sympathizers, who brags of being one of the Jerry rescue gang at Syracuse, N. Y. Assisted by his friend Mr. W. and a few boys, this hot-headed sulphurious [sic] Lucifer (excuse me, Pulcifer) got together a few old barrels and boxes and made a bon-fire. They then procured an old gun from which they got a few reports (described as several volleys of artillery.)--The next grand rush was to the store for a bunch of fire crackers, which, like the sympathy for their champion, was played out. Failing in getting anything as noisy as themselves, they made a rush for the school house, pulled at the stout hemp rope which ought to have been around the neck of the martyr, got off a few "volleys" from the bells, when they were arrested in their insane progress by the school director, a good Republican, who put a stop to their nonsense , turned them out of doors, and extinguished their sympathy. Such was the Booth ratification in Kilbourn City.
     Although opposed to the Republicans in principle, I must do them the justice to say, that they took no part or lot in the mad freaks of Lucifer and his friends, but laughed at them, and ridiculed them, for their attempts to get up any excitement for Habeas Corpus Booth or any of his class of Freedom Shriekers!
     Preparations are being made here by both parties for a demonstration after harvest, which I presume will be duly recorded as the largest gatherings ever held, &c. The Shang highs here have a few loud talkers, who speak very highly of their friend, Mr. Breckinridge, and occasionally refer to a tall man named Lincoln, who gained some popularity by a contest with Mr. Douglas a few years ago, but late accounts from the South as to the prospects of their disunion friend, begin to make them shake in the knees, and they are whistling a little to keep their courage up.
     The Democracy here are united, and will give an increased majority for the Little Giant in November. Yours, &c.,


Kilbourn City, August 7, 1860

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Impudence vs. Impotence
     Whether the impudence of the Boothites is more disgusting than the impotence of the U. S. Marshal, is a question which we shall not attempt to decide. As the representatives of parties, however, which are now seeking to obtain the control of the government of this country, their conduct should be closely scrutinized by the people, who will soon be called upon, to determine whether or not it is safe to commit the destinies of the republic to the tender mercies of either. Our readers are well aware, that the Boothites are the faithful exponents of the Lincoln party, and that Jehu is one of the pillars of the Breckinridge party in the State. Parties, which Mr. Douglas truly says, "occupy precisely the same relationship to each other as the two blades of a pair of shears. They both turn on the same pivot, but cut in opposite directions." Those who have witnessed the exhibition of lawlessness and ruffianism on one side, and of insufficiency and stupidity on the other, should be prepared to determine now, whether this government can be wisely administered or not, in the spirit which animates either side. We are aware that some republicans disapprove of the rescue of Booth, and labor under the delusion that their party had nothing to do with it, and is in no way responsible for it. In order to dispel that delusion, it will only be necessary for us to submit, and for them to consider a few facts about the truth of which there is no dispute.
     I. One of the foremost, if not the leader, of the band of lawless desperadoes, who, armed with deadly weapons, overpowered the guard, and forcibly rescued Booth from the legal custody of the Marshal, was the notorious Prof. Daniels. And who is Prof. Daniels? He is a prominent member of the republican party, who has enjoyed the confidence of two republican Governors--Bashford and Randall--under both of whom he has held a very responsible and lucrative office. He certainly appears before the public, properly accredited as a leader of that party.
     II. After the escape had been effected, Gov. Randall, who was at Waukesha, within twenty miles of this city, and by a strange coincidence in the very village where the plot was concocted, and the band of rescuers organized, was telegraphed to come in here and "speak on the Booth question," as was publicly announced, and he came, intending when he left Waukesha, to harrangue [sic] the mob on the occasion, but was dissuaded from it after he reached Milwaukee, by republicans who object to casting off the disguise, and exposing the real aims and designs of their party at this time.--That he was in Waukesha when the plan of the rescue was laid and the arrangements made for executing it, does not admit of a doubt, and that he remained there until after the deed was done and then came into this city for the purpose of haranguing the people on the subject, is also susceptible of proof.
     III. Booth fled for sanctuary to the strongly fortified yard of the State Prison, which is under the exclusive control of a State Prison Commissioner, who was elected last fall by the Republican party and there remained safely guarded until arrangements could be perfected for guarding him outside of those walls. The evasive and equivocal reply of the Commissioner to our charge published last week must confirm every intelligent person in the belief that our charge was well founded in fact.
     IV. He is now protected from arrest in Ripon which will give about the largest majority for Lincoln of any town in the State in proportion to the number of votes cast.
     These are only a few of the many proofs which we might adduce of the complicity of the Republican party of this State with the rescue of Booth. But the evidence is overwhelming, and we are asked in the face and eyes of all this to place the control of the general government under such influences! How long could--how long ought, the Union to survive the advent of such a party to power?
     The inefficiency and stupidity of the Administration party render them powerless both for good and evil. We need not warn the people of the danger or folly of continuing them in power, as nobody dreams of such a thing. But we cannot conclude this brief review of political parties without inviting our readers to contrast those whom we have been commenting on, with the glorious old democratic party, "which follows the flag and keeps step to the music of the Union"--that party which has governed this country with rare and unimportant exceptions from the time of Jefferson's first inauguration down to that of James Buchanan--the party that has inscribed the names of Douglas and Johnson on its proud old banner, and is now steadily but certainly advancing to a triumphant victory.


Thursday, August 9, 1860

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RIPON, August 8, 1860

     To the Editor of the News:
     In last evening's Free Democrat appears a letter from S. M. Booth, purporting to give a history of his affairs from the time of escaping from custody up to Sunday night last. If no more attention has been paid to the truth throughout the whole of the letter, than the portion referring to the events of Saturday night, it would be a difficult matter to pick out a single truth in the whole fabrication.
     On Saturday evening, among the guests arriving at my house, by the 6:40 train, were three United States deputy marshals, Mr. F. D. McCarty, of Fond du Lac, , and Messrs. Henry and Stryker, of Milwaukee, having a warrant for the arrest of S. M. Booth, an escaped United States prisoner. They were shown to a room, and they informed myself and some few friends the object of their mission. A consultation was held by them in regard to the probabilities of success in case an attempt should be made to arrest him. The conclusion was that it would be useless to undertake to take a prisoner into custody and carry him away from a public meeting, known to be composed mostly of abolitionists, and men who were carried away with fanaticism on the one particular point at issue, unless it could be done in a quiet way, and the people did not oppose it. The result of the consultation, then, was for Deputy Marshal McCarty to go to the meeting, and in a quiet way to serve his warrant upon Mr. Booth, and if forced to leave his prisoner, then to retire without any demonstration of force on his part against a crowd of three or four hundred persons. Mr. McCarty remarked before leaving the Mapes House, that in making the arrest he felt no fear of personal injury, provided he prevented Booth's drawing his revolver suddenly and shooting him down before he got hold of him. Mr. McCarty then went to the hall, Messrs. Henry and Stryker also going, I believe, but not in company.--Mr. Booth in his letter says: "While speaking an attempt was made to arrest me by Deputy Marshal McCarty, of Fond du Lac, who sprung in upon me from behind, through a back door upon the platform, saying he was a deputy United States marshal, and had a warrant for my arrest, and taking hold of me we had a quick clinch." Mr. McCarty stood for some little time at the front corner of the stage, until some words spoken by Booth to the effect that he would like to see the marshal who dared to arrest him, when he stepped on to the stage and walked directly across to Mr. Booth taking hold of him and at the same time announcing his business.
     Booth instantly made an attempt to draw his revolver, but Mr. McCarty grasped his hand while in his pocket and held it there until forced off the stage by the crowd who rushed on the instant the officer had seized his prisoner. Booth continues in his letter as follows: "I threw him off, and while drawing my revolver, a man rushed between us, and he was seized and hustled out of the room and kicked down stairs, and striking on the pavement, his face was somewhat bruised." This is all false, as the Marshal was forced off by as many men as could get hold of him, and Booth's assertion that he "threw him off" is all is all braggadocio. Shouts arose from every quarter of the room of "Put him out!" "Kill him!" kill him!" [sic] "Shoot him!" "Hang him!" and such like evidences of a civilized community. The crowd rushed for the doors and fifty or one hundred people rushed out and McCarty was lost track of, and quietly passed back into the hall, but having lost his hat in the first rush, he was easily picked out and recognized, when the shout arose again of "Here he is; damn him, kill him." The crowd again swayed toward the doors, and he was forced out with the crowd and down the steps, when making a rush he landed in the middle of the street unharmed, and with no loss but his hat. He now run to the Mapes House followed by a crowd of the more excited part of the rabble still crying, "Kill him!" "Shoot him," &c. Upon reaching the house he retired to his room, soon after followed by Mr. Henry and Mr. Stryker, who not being known to the crowd, came in for no share of the "good intentions" of these law abiding lovers of liberty.
     Booth continues to say: "he quickly got on his feet and run for his life to the Mapes House, old Capt. Mapes standing in the door with a revolver in each hand protecting his retreat." This is the most silly fabrication of the lot, as "old Capt. Mapes" has never held a revolver in his hand in his life time, neither was there a revolver or any other weapon presented. I stood in the door of my own house to protect my guest from a crazy mob, and my father, the said "old Capt. Mapes," stood beside me; but we neither displayed nor did we have any weapons but our own arms, which are ever ready to protect a citizen of the United States in the peaceable performance of his duty as an officer, against a mob of howling fanatics. In regard to what followed--the display of rusty guns and flags in our streets on the Sabbath, and the disgraceful proceedings throughout--you will probably be fully posted.


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HORICON, Aug. 8th, 1860

     Editor News:
     I discover from an article in the Daily Enquirer, that the "Administration clique" are terribly exercised at my letter to Mr. Lewis. It has had precisely the effect I desired it to have, and I am satisfied.
     I have, however, something to say with reference to the charges and insinuations in the article of the 7th inst., above alluded to.
     It is there charged that "Sat" was an anxious applicant for the Marshal's office," and that letter was from a "Sore head."
     Now the writer of that article knew that there was no truth in his assertion. I never desired the office of Marshal, never applied for it myself, nor any person for me.
     Of course these men who do the "dirty work," of an unprincipled administration, can procure from the departments at Washington, copies of any such application or recommendation, and if they fail to do so, they stated what they knew to be a wil[l]ful falsehood.
     They say, "all loyal citizens are as much bound to assist, and he (Lewis) is to arrest him, and all but traitors and cowards will do so." I was never called upon by Mr. Lewis, or any of his deputies, to assist to arrest Booth. On the contrary, he has never made any attempt to take him himself, but sent a despatch [sic] by telegraph, offering $100 for the arrest of Booth. I have not heard that the writer of the article in the Enquirer has rendered any assistance, and consequently he must be a "traitor and coward."
     I acknowledge that it is my d[u]ty, and the duty of every loyal citizen, to assist the Marshal and his deputies in the proper discharge of their duties, and I believe the re-arrest of Booth to be an important duty, indeed, an imperative duty. I believe the order and decrees of the U. S. Court, should be rigidly enforced, and the laws vindicated, and I promise the man of the Enquirer if we--he and I--should be called upon by the Marshall for assistance to execute any U. S. writ, he shall never get an inch ahead of me unless he is smarter than I am, and "I know he aint."
     His advice to the people of Horicon to "tar and feather me" comes with bad grace from one who professes to be very anxious that the laws should be enforced. When mob law suits his wishes he counsels it, but when a mob refuses to allow the Marshal or his deputies to serve a writ, then it is treason. I don't think the people will pay any attention to his advice, and therefore I believe I won't leave.
     One more word and I am done. If the writer in the Enquirer thinks I am a traitor and coward, I hope he will tell me so the first time he meets me, as I shall not believe him till he does.
     Every word in my letter in regard to Lewis and his appointment I here reiterate on my own responsibility. I was opposed to the appointment of Lewis, (not from any personal hostility) but from the same reason that the Black Republicans favored it, because I really thought he was not qualified for the position, and because his appointment would render the Democratic party ridiculous. And [sic] I submit to every candid man if such has not been the result. Yours truly,


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Fourth Epistle of Ezekiel to the Philistines.

WAUKESHA, July 8th, 1860

     Messrs. Editors:
     Since my last letter, a great many important things have come to pass, and as many marvellous [sic] things have been "did." Booth, the Martyr, "the great heart of humanity," the great unshaved, has been forcibly rescued from Jehu's Bastile [sic], by Prof. Daniels, who stole the ham, and his followers, and up to the present time no one but Marshal McCarty and Sat Clark has attempted to arrest him.--We have read Sat's "narrative" of his daring attempt, but Deputy Marshal McCarty has not yet rendered an account of his official acts. During this excitement the "wide awakes" of this village have not been unmindful of their duties, but, on the contrary, have been ordering a quantity of pikes, like those used by Old John Brown, at Harper's Ferry, and will soon be ready to meet the the "slave catchers," and in the language [of] Corwin and Lincoln, "welcome them with bloody hands to hospitable graves!"
     Since my last, I am told that the "wide awakes" have changed their rules, and now admit all boys over twelve years of age, instead of fifteen, as before, consequently their numbers have increased to near one hundred, notwithstanding several furriners have left them. Among the seceders [sic] is one very respectable adopted citizen, who found that he had got into the wrong pew, and so he sold his uniform, or regalia, for ten cents less than it cost, on six months' time, without interest. This he seems to think is getting out of a dirty scrape pretty cheap.
     I will assure you that we outsiders have no little fun in looking on to see these fellows drum up recruits. Every boy that will join them is furnished a uniform gratis, and a promise of a free ride on the cars to Milwaukee, Whitewater, and other places where they intend showing.
     Heretofore they have had no music but a fife and drum, but that is "played out," its charm has gone; so they sent to Chicago for a Swiss organ grinder, just for a change. He arrived today, with his organ and monkey, and is now performing for the first time, in front of their head quarters.

Yours truly,

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     CHARACTERISTIC.--While an indictment is hanging over the head of Booth for the seduction of a little, artless girl, and while he is a prisoner on "self parol," [sic] with a revolving "habeas corpus" in his pocket while he is going about the country, making republican speeches, addressing republican clubs, &c., the republicans are arming themselves to defend him at all hazards, and to prevent the officers of the law from doing their sworn duty, and arresting him. The black republicans think they can't afford to have any more criminals locked up--but can they afford to keep Mr. Booth on the stump, even till the election?
     We understand that old Leahey, who was sent to the penitentiary for life , for the crime of murder, having just been pardoned to full liberty, by our republican Governor, is about to take the stump for the black republican ticket. There are some 200 more in the State prison who would no doubt like to accept a free pardon on the same conditions. We expect that during the next 90 days our penitentiary will vomit forth its hordes of thieves, burglars and murderers, to swell the vote for "Old Honest Abe."--Madison Patriot.

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A Misrepresentation Corrected.
     Those who represent that the Douglas democracy sympathize with the Boothites or rejoice over the escape of "the great unshaven," do great injustice to a very respectable majority of the people of this State. There are two parties, and only two, justly liable to such a suspicion--the party which forcibly rescued him; and the party which guarded him so inefficiently as to invite a rescue, and allowed him to escape into the country where he publicly defies the U. S. authorities to come and take him. These may well be suspected of aiding and abetting his escape. But the Douglas democracy belong to neither of those parties. Those who rescued and those who permitted it, support Lincoln and Breckinridge, and play into each other's hands, and for anything that we know to the contrary, this rescue of Booth was a part of their game.
     The supporters of Douglas desire to have the U. S. authorities perform their duty not only by re-arresting Booth, but by arresting the desperadoes who rescued him. They are well known, and still are allowed to perambulate the State unmolested while publicly glorying over their achievement. Why are they permitted to thus set the laws of the land at defiance? There are many republicans who express a deep anxiety to have the laws sustained. If the Marshall expects to satisfy the people by knocking down such a pusillanimous critter as Salsman, or by making a grand display of deadly weapons in the halls of the Custom House, he very much mistakes public sentiment. If he desires to retrieve himself, let him repair at once to Ripon and re-arrest his prisoner. That is the only field on which he can win unfading laurels at this time.

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A Bad H'egg
     Hans Hegg, State Prison Commissioner, repeats in yesterday's Sentinel his denial of our charge that he received Booth within the walls of the Prison yard at Waupun, and extended to him the protection of his guards. In order to satisfy the public on this point, we submit the following facts, related to us by eye witnesses.
     I. Mr. Hegg was advised of the escape of Booth soon after it occurred, and expected him to seek refuge within the walls of the State Prison. Two of the Prison guards were in this city at the time of the rescue and accompanied Booth to Waupun, where he was met by some of the other guards and escorted at once to Mr. Hegg's house, which is within the walls of the Prison yard.
     II. In the evening, Booth, under escort of Hegg and his Prison guards, proceeded to the platform of one of the warehouses, where he addressed a crowd of people. During his entire speech, Mr. Hegg and his guards stood on the platform with him, and when Booth displayed his revolver and threatened to shoot anyone who should attempt to arrest him, Mr. Hegg took off his hat, swung it wildly in the air, and cheered vociferously. On the adjournment of the meeting, Hegg and his guards escorted Booth back to the Prison.
     III.While at Waupun, Booth was uniformly attended by the Prison guards, whenever he went out of the Prison yard into the public streets.
     IV. Cromwell Laithe, of Waupun, remarked in a careless manner, that if the reward offered for Booth's re arrest [sic] had been $1000 instead of $100, he would have taken him. Booth heard of his saying this and immediately went to Laithe's house, accompanied by some of the prison guards, and defied Laithe to attempt to arrest him.
     V. Booth, when he left the prison, was accompanied by some of the prison guards to Ripon.
     These are the facts as related to us by citizens of Waupun, and the sneaking manner in which Mr. Hegg tries to evade the responsibility of his own acts, is even more discreditable to him than the acts themselves. Booth will corroborate his statements; but who will corroborate Booth? His reputation for truth and veracity was never very good, and since the developments made public on his late trial, it is as bad as his reputation for chastity. If Mr. Hegg conceives his conduct justifiable, it would be manly in him to admit his complicity with the affair. There are three high public functionaries, Randall, Hegg and Daniels, whose names have been used in connection with the "Booth question," but the greatest of these three is Daniels. He plays the desperado to the end of the chapter, while the other two act like sneaks.


Friday, August 10, 1860

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The Fifth Epistle of Ezekiel to the Philistines.
The Wide Awakes Coming Out for Breckinridge--A Row in the Camp.

WAUKESHA, Aug 9th, 1860

     Messrs. Editors:
     For a long time it has been a notorious fact that the "Wide Awakes" of this village were the only ones blowing for Breckinridge, and I have often told our friends that before election they would drop "Old Abe" like a hot potatoe [sic], and go in with their allies and vote for Breckinridge and Joe Lane. This morning the flag streaming from their headquarters bears the names of Breckinridge and Lane in large capitals, and is now fluttering in the breeze where the rail splitter reigned triumphant yesterday.
     This sudden change of programme, I will assure you, has caused no little fluttering among the feathered tribe. The cause of this somerset, the friends of "Old Abe" trace to Elder Spooner's door.
     The Elder, who will admit to being honest since reading the "rail splitter's" speeches on the stump in 1858, has taken a decided stand against him, and declares that he would as soon vote for Beckinridge or any other pro-slavery man, as "Old Abe." I heard him say last evening that he could travel through Fond du Lac, Green Lake, Winnebago, and other anti-slavery counties, and defeat any candidate for the legislature on the Lincoln ticket, if he were disposed to. He said that he wanted no better document to beat them, than the life and speeches of Lincoln as published by his friends.
     The Elder has probably been reading from the 88th page of the Lincoln and Douglas debates, where Lincoln says that he "is not now nor never was in favor of the repeal of the fugitive slave law, nor opposed to the admission of any more slave States;" and further, that the Constitution authorizes a fugitive slave law, and he who takes an oath to support the Constitution of the United States commits perjury if he don't support the law.
     The Elder is a strong man among them. I don't believe that he will vote for Breckinridge; but one thing is certain, he will draw off a good portion of the honest Republicans from the "rail-splitting" candidate.
     In my communication yesterday I neglected to mention that the "Wide Awakes" had got up another midnight procession. A few nights since they paraded our streets to the number of nearly one hundred, assisted by a few Milwaukee friends, among whom was our friend Olin, whose name is used in the Free Democrat in the absence of Martyr Booth.
     This new accession, after imbibing pretty freely, like others, of "Hieslentner's sixty rod whisky," got the "Lincoln rail-fence step" perfect; so much so, that he was the "admired of all admirers." He will probably soon claim to be agent for some "rail-fence" insurance company, and insure the whole State for "Old Abe." If so, he must not forget to account to Brudder Booth, his principal, for the premium funds. Chancey use[d] to like to take a chance in holding on to these funds, but I guess Booth will keep an eye on him.
     Please excuse haste, as the "Wide Awakes" have got out their organ-grinder and monkey, and I must go and take notes of their performance. Yours truly,


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Booth's Movements--The Object.
     It has been currently reported by many of both political parties in this state, that a miserable tool in the hands of the republican party, is determined to oppose the fugitive slave law to the end, as well also by personal effort, influence and action, to bring the "state rights" question to a practical test. This "state rights" question is nothing more nor less than the issue between the state and federal governments, on the constitutionality and morality of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. This act was passed upon the far-famed resolutions of Clay, in support of an act passed in 1793 and approved by George Washington, then President of the United States. In our own state this great question has been discussed by her ablest jurists, and, as far as the principle obtains, settled by the supreme court. This is written, of course, not to add any to the learning and research thus far elicited, but merely to let those, whom common sense can reach and who oppose law and policy from blind fanaticism, (the offspring of ignorance,) perfectly heedless of the consequences which may ensure, know, beforehand, the route they are taking, the obstacles to be encountered, and the utility, if any, of their purpose. The issue is not whether or no the fugitive slave shall be harbored and protected; that was the old question, and having been settled by numerous laws, the existence of which no sound man will question, the real issue is now between obedience and disobedience to that law. There are, doubtlessly, law abiding citizens in the republican party, who, although they take a different view from the opposition, still look tacitly and disinterestedly at the stubborn rebellion against the fundamental law of society, (which is obedience to civil laws,) and apparently sanction its resistance. From such persons, fear nothing; since silence in the beginning in silence will end. To such as by voice, heart and action, oppose law, mislead the ignorant, misrepresent the condition of the southern slave, cry redress where there is no injury, and stullify [sic] themselves for lucre, emolument, office or "scism," [sic] nothing can be said; they are too weak to stand and too transparent long to mystify anybody.
     By those, whose early education has by fortune been neglected and who are naturally liable to blindly follow extremes; who are fit subjects for fanatical mesmerism and prefer to subjugate all law and reason to actions and interests more exciting and daring, when sanctioned and encouraged by superior talent and learning, it is particularly desirable to be heard. Let such examine the course they will be urged to pursue, by these renegade "freedom shriekers" and wolves in sheep's clothing. Let them pause and reason with themselves, first, who are the instigators of this movement, secondly as to its practical wisdom, and lastly its object and result. The only instigator and advocate we have at present, here, is one Sherman M. Booth--a man above the monitions of conscience--a fanatical heretic in the republican camp--destitute alike of discretion, sense or decency--whose unenviable experience, courted and gloried in by himself, has embittered his heart not only against his lawful peers and judges, but against the best interests and welfare of the people. Truly, a noble standard for the "State Rights" forces to rally around! But the State can determine no legal rights outside of her jurisdiction, when the Federal Judiciary have exclusive control of them.--That much abused "Dred Scott" decision, which is the law nevertheless, in every point has settled this question. It says "The constitution recognizes slaves as property, and pledges the Federal government to protect it." Further, that the slave acquires no title whatever to freedom, by simply being taken into a free State and then removed. Henry Clay in 1850 said: "It" (this fugitive slave law) "extends to every man in the Union, and devolves upon him the obligation to assist in the recovery of a fugitive slave from labor, who takes refuge in or escapes into one of the free States." Clay gave this subject a most deep research and investigation, and no one stands higher to-day in public remembrance than he. The immortal Webster, then, said: "And this article of the constitution is as binding in honor and conscience as any other article."
     He denounced all legislators who tried to excuse or evade this law. He thought that South was injured, and emphatically declared it to be the duty of the North to fulfill this imperative obligation. There were hosts of other great men at that day, no less competent to judge of the constitutionality of this law than Webster and others, who declared it to be but justice to the South, and a duty in the North to see that this legal obligation was enforced. But S. M. Booth, who is now, perhaps, the only living "martyr" of this principle, and who has hugged this delusive phantom of so called persecution until he has become too good (?) to live in modest retirement from his distinguished labors, and he had been suddenly dragged from oblivion to arouse the people to insurrection and revolt, merely because no better man can be found to clash swords with Webster, Clay, Taney, and the Constitution. Yoemen of the State, beware how you listen to the excitable fabrication, and smooth lies of these political maniacs! Pause not to pursue some glittering bubble of delusion, when law, order, and justice, the champions of every right, and guardians most mighty, of all that is dear and sacred around around [sic] your hearth-stones, warn you to stand up and fight with voice and arm for these great bulwarks of national strength and union--the speedy execution of solemn decrees, and the honor, power, and life of the Constitution! D.


Saturday Morning, August 11, 1860

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Booth in his Glory
     The Berlin News remarks as follows upon the doings of the Boothites at Ripon, for which we conclude that the old Martyr is having a glorious time among the Free Loving women of Ceresco:

     We understand that a large delegation of Free Lovers from Ceresco were in attendance, the men armed with pistols and knives, and the women with "slungshot," made by putting a good sized stone in the toe of a stocking.--Booth is staying at Prof. Daniels, whose house is guarded day and night by armed Wide Awakes. It is said that Daniels divides his time equally between guarding Booth from the Marshal, and the female members of his family from Booth.

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